(Luft) Anti-UAV/UCAV-Systeme
Angesichts des beinahe schon inflationären Aufkommens von UAVs/UCAVs, gerade auch am Bsp. Türkei, wird es in den kommenden Jahren immer wichtiger werden, dass man in der Lage ist, solche Systeme auch zu bekämpfen und zu stören. Der reine und simple Abschuss mit Rohrwaffen oder SAMs ist die eine Sache, das Erkennen und Stören eine andere...

Zitat:Russia's Ataka-Shorokh acoustic UAV detector completes factory trials

Russia's Ataka-Shorokh acoustic detector of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) has completed factory trials, state corporation Rostec announced in October.

“The system has fully completed its factory acceptance trials, which confirmed its functioning, including under harsh weather conditions,” said Rostec. [...]

When integrated with the Ataka-DBS, the Ataka-Shorokh acoustically detects a UAV at distances between 150 and 500 m, and the main system can then jam the UAV's satellite navigation datalink. As part of a multilayer security network, the device can cue cameras to focus on the noise source. The Ataka-DBS mast-mounted C-UAV system detects UAVs and suppresses their control, datalink, and navigation channels at distances of up to 1,500 m. It has a modular structure and can integrate additional jamming modules.


Zitat:EOS in Australia is now offering a laser weapon turret as protection against airborne threats such as UAVs and loitering munitions.

The Australian firm EOS Defence Systems has unveiled a new version of its T2000 medium-calibre turret, which integrates directed-energy weapons.

A standard T2000 turret is being offered to the Australian Army on Hanwha Defense’s AS21 Redback for Project Land 400 Phase 3. That turret features a Bushmaster Mk44S 30mm cannon, twin Spike LR2 missile launcher, R400 RWS and Iron Fist active protection system.

Angesichts des Drohnen-Booms und des weit verbreiteten Erfolges derartiger Systeme, von der Ukraine über Afghanistan und Bergkarabach bis in den Jemen, sicherlich enorm wichtig, dass solche Systeme zunehmend entwickelt werden...

Mit Mikrowellen gegen Drohnen

Das Air Force Research Laboratory hat einen Auftrag für Mjölnir, ein elektronisches Waffensystem der nächsten Generation zur Abwehr gegnerischer Drohnenaktivitäten, an Leidos Inc. vergeben. [...] Der THOR-Demonstrator nutzte starke elektromagnetische Wellen, um kleine unbemannte Flugsysteme (sUAS) sofort auszuschalten. "Die Erkenntnisse aus unseren erfolgreichen Einsatztests in Übersee legen nun die neuen Anforderungen für das Mjölnir-Programm fest und werden die Basiskonfiguration für künftige Systeme bilden, die weltweit eingesetzt werden sollen", sagte Lucero.

Der 26 Millionen Dollar teure Mjölnir-Prototyp wird dieselbe Technologie wie THOR verwenden, jedoch wichtige Fortschritte in Bezug auf Fähigkeiten, Zuverlässigkeit und Fertigungsbereitschaft aufweisen. "Wir geben die AFRL-Technologie an unseren Industriepartner Leidos weiter, der über ... die Fähigkeit verfügt, in Zukunft mehrere Systeme zu bauen", sagte Lucero. [...] "Das Programm wird in diesem Frühjahr beginnen und der Waffenprototyp soll 2023 ausgeliefert werden", sagte 1st Lt. Tylar Hanson, stellvertretender THOR-Programmleiter.

Und bezüglich der Ukraine:
Zitat:Ukraine conflict: Ukraine's electronic warfare systems in focus

The Ukrainian armed forces have acquired and fielded a range of electronic warfare (EW) systems in recent years, with a mix of new equipment and improved legacy systems. Most of the development has taken place since Russia annexed Crimea in 2014, and was driven by its support for the breakaway regions of Donetsk and Luhansk, which has seen Russian forces employ a range of EW assets.

Counter-unmanned aerial vehicle (C-UAV), direction finding, communications jamming, and precision-guided weapon jamming capabilities have been developed. Among these is the Bukovel-AD anti-UAV system, which was developed specifically to counter the Orlan-10 UAV that is employed as an EW asset to intercept and jam 3G, 4G, and Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) cellular communications, as well as to broadcast text messages. [...] The Bukovel-AD can detect UAVs operating as far away as 100 km, with an effective range of up to 50 km. On detection of the UAV, the system can employ radio frequency (RF) countermeasures that are designed to interfere with the datalink between the UAV and its ground control station (GCS). It can jam the Global Positioning System (GPS) and Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) control and navigation signals, with a maximum suppression range of 16 km.

Zitat:Teledyne FLIR unveils new C-UAS capability

Teledyne FLIR Defense unveiled its new Lightweight Vehicle Surveillance System (LVSS) with air domain awareness (ADA) and counter-unmanned aerial system (C-UAS) capabilities, the company announced on 29 March.

The LVSS ADA C-UAS utilises 3D radar, electro-optical/infrared (EO/IR) camera, and radio frequency (RF) detection, and is capable of being rapidly deployed to detect and mitigate small UAS (sUAS), the company said. Mark Blanco, senior director, Integrated Solutions at Teledyne FLIR Defense, confirmed to Janes that the system employs RF detection ranges from 400 MHz to 6 GHz to detect, identify, and mitigate UAS threats up to 3 km away. [...]

Blanco added that the LVSS ADA C-UAS can mitigate against drones in Class I (<150 kg) and Class II (150–600 kg), including swarm UAS.

Zitat:Gurutvaa Systems delivers ‘Dronaam' C-UAS to Indian Air Force

Indian firm Gurutvaa Systems has delivered the first set of the indigenously developed ‘Dronaam' counter-unmanned aircraft systems (C-UASs) to the Indian Air Force (IAF).

Harshad Dave, director of Gurutvaa Systems, told Janes that an undisclosed number of Dronaam C-UASs were delivered to the IAF earlier in May under a contract signed in August 2021. [...] Dave said the system underwent design review in October 2021 and the first prototype trials were conducted in December 2021. A second trial of a production standard system, which incorporated suggestions from the first trial, was conducted by IAF in February 2022.



Exakt das von mir seit ca. 15 Jahren beschriebene Konzept, dass ich immer noch jedem anderen Abwehr-System für weit überlegen halte: man bekämpft Drohnen einfach mit Drohnen.


Zitat:Fortem Technologies, leaders in airspace security and defense for detecting and defeating dangerous drones, has announced a new, smaller portable counter-UAS system in direct response to the crisis in Ukraine. Working closely with the Ukrainian Ministry of Defense, Fortem provided Ukraine with a number of the Fortem SkyDome man-portable counter-UAS solutions, as well as on site training and support. The solution includes the Fortem DroneHunter, which removes drones from the sky autonomously day and night.

Ukraine has a dire need for portable counter-drone technology to detect and disarm Group 1 and II enemy surveillance drones. Recognizing this, Fortem took its pre-existing portable counter-UAS system and further miniaturized and simplified it for use as an expeditionary rapid deployment system.

Was mir an dem vorgestellten Konzept besonders gefällt ist, die Zielsetzung die feindlichen Drohnen zu fangen und per Fallschirm zu landen. Damit kann man sie erbeuten, was den Feind zwingt seine Drohnen mit einem Selbstzerstörungsmechanismus auszurüsten usw usf
Unsere Nachbarn haben etwas neues zur Drohnenabwehr im Testdurchlauf...
Zitat:Austria receives Rheinmetall C-UAS system for evaluation

Austria has received a Rheinmetall Air Defence counter-unmanned aerial system (C-UAS) platform that defends against small unmanned aerial vehicles for six months of evaluation and testing, the German company announced in a press release on 23 May. [...]

The sensor unit elevates automatically and can be equipped with detection systems including X-band and S-band radar, a passive emitter locator, and ADS-B receiver, with verification and tracking provided by an integrated, stabilized 360° electro-optical pan-tilt-zoom (PTZ) sensor. The command-and-control shelter is based on the Oerlikon Skymaster system, providing sensor data fusion, threat evaluation, and operational functions including integrated target cueing, weapon assignment, and links to higher command levels.

Zitat:Report to Congress on Anti-Drone Weapons

Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), commonly called drones, have proliferated rapidly and are available to nation states and to nonstate actors and individuals. [...]

As a result, in FY2023, the Department of Defense (DOD) plans to spend at least $668 million on counter-UAS (C-UAS) research and development and at least $78 million on C-UAS procurement. As DOD continues to develop, procure, and deploy these systems, congressional oversight of their use may increase, and Congress may have to make decisions about future authorizations, appropriations, and other legislative actions. [...]

C-UAS can employ a number of methods to detect the presence of hostile or unauthorized UAS. The first is using electro-optical, infrared, or acoustic sensors to detect a target by its visual, heat, or sound signatures, respectively. A second method is to use radar systems. However, these methods are not always capable of detecting small UAS due to the limited signatures and size of such UAS. [...] Once detected, the UAS may be engaged or disabled. Electronic warfare “jamming” can interfere with a UAS’s communications link to its operator. Jamming devices can be as light as 5 to 10 pounds and therefore man-portable, or as heavy as several hundred pounds and in fixed locations or mounted on vehicles. [...]

The Air Force is testing high-powered microwaves and lasers—both forms of directed energy—for C-UAS missions. For example, in October 2019, the Air Force received delivery of a vehicle-mounted C-UAS prototype— the High-Energy Laser Weapon System (HELWS)—that will undergo a year-long overseas field test. HELWS is intended to identify and neutralize hostile or unauthorized UAS in seconds and, when connected to a generator, to provide “a nearly infinite number of shots. [...] The Navy also plans to deploy ODIN, an optical dazzler that interferes with UAS sensors, and HELIOS, a 60-kilowatt laser, aboard the USS Preble (DDG-88) in 2021. Both systems are intended to protect U.S. assets from UAS attacks. [...]

C-UAS is also part of the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command’s six-layer air and missile defense concept, composed of (1) Ballistic, Low-Altitude Drone Engagement (BLADE), (2) Multi-Mission High-Energy Laser (MMHEL), (3) Next-Generation Fires Radar, (4) Maneuver Air Defense Technology (MADT), (5) High-Energy Laser Tactical Vehicle Demonstrator (HEL-TVD), and (6) Low- Cost Extended Range Air Defense (LOWER AD). Although these systems are still in development, the Army has fielded some man-portable, vehicle-mounted, and airborne C-UAS systems. [...]

DOD is researching and developing a number of C-UAS technologies. For example, the Joint Staff and other DOD agencies have participated in C-UAS efforts such as Black Dart, an exercise intended to “[assess and validate] existing and emerging air and missile defense capabilities and concepts specific to the C-UAS mission set” and “[advocate] for soldiers’ desired C-UAS capabilities.” In addition, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) funds technology development programs for C- UAS such as CounterSwarmAI, which is to “develop systems for anticipating and defeating autonomous systems of the future,” and the Multi-Azimuth Defense Fast Intercept Round Engagement System for ship-based point defense.

Auch sehr interessant: Ein Basis- bzw. Hafensicherungssystem, dass z. B. Sabotageeinheiten, Kampftaucher oder Unterwasser-Drohnen abwehren können soll.
Zitat:DSIT Solutions Unveils KnightShield UW Security System For The 1st Time

DSIT Solutions presented the KnightShield underwater security system at the UDT 2022 exhibition in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, from June 07 to 09, 2022. [...]

The system supports task force underwater protection, simultaneously protecting multiple ships anchored at ports, port entrances, and designated areas of port basins from swimmers, UAVs, SDVs, and sabotage attempts.

Based on the sophisticated technology implemented in PointShield, DSIT’s advanced Diver Detection Sonar (DDS) Systems, KnightShield covers medium ranges in ports, delivering exceptional reliability and precision. Providing fully automatic detection, tracking, classification, and alerts regarding underwater intrusion, smugglers, and sabotage attempts, the system detects hostile divers – whether using closed or open breathing apparatus – as well as AUVs, SDVs, DPVs, and UUVs. [...] Housed in a 20 ft ISO container, KnightShield is easily transported, as needed, between platforms and dock locations such as ports, harbors, and terminals.

Und Rheinmetall darf natürlich nicht fehlen...
Zitat:Rheinmetall conducts laser weapons trials against drones for German army

Rheinmetall has successfully tested the technology demonstrator version of a laser weapon built on behalf of the Bundeswehr (German army). The first trials with the laser testbed were conducted at Rheinmetall’s proving ground in Unterlüß as part of a Counter-Unmanned Aircraft System (C-UAS) campaign.

The laser testbed serves not only as a technology demonstrator laser weapon but also as the basis for future R&D work at Unterlüß in Lower Saxony. It is designed so that all components of a future laser weapon system can be examined modularly. Every interface to the sensors – the radar, for example – or to the energy supply and laser source are “open” designs. This makes it possible to test every conceivable combination iteratively and then compare the results.

The objective of current studies in the laser testbed is to produce a suitable configuration for a mobile technology demonstrator with a laser output of over 10 kW for integration into a Boxer fighting vehicle by the end of 2022. [...] The laser testbed consists of a 20-foot container divided into three compartments: laser, operator and infrastructure. Encompassing five 2 kW-fibre laser modules, the laser source is installed in the laser compartment. Bundled via spectral coupling, the individual laser modules achieve a total output of 10 kW, producing excellent beam quality.


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