Streitkräfte Nordkoreas
Nordkorea hat angeblich erstmals eine Rakete von Typ Pukguksong-3 aus einem U-Boot gestartet.
Diese Rakete hat mind. eine Länge von 15m. Aus welchen U-Boot soll das gewesen sein? Die kleine Romeo-Klasse wird es kaum gewesen sein. Oder ist das bloß nur Propaganda?
Nach verschiedenen bzw. südkoreanischen Quellen (siehe Artikelauszug unten) könnte es sich, wenn denn die Meldung so stimmt, um ein weiterentwickeltes Derivat der chinesischen CSS-N-14-SLBM handeln. Das Hauptproblem dürfte aber i. d. T. die Startplattform sein, denn die CSS-N-14 (auch: JL-2) wiegt über 40 Tonnen und wird eigentlich nur von strategischen Typ-094-Klasse- oder Typ-092-Klasse-U-Booten aus eingesetzt. Und diese SSBNs verdrängen je nach Typ zwischen 8.000 ts und 11.000 ts. Dass die Nordkoreaner so etwas haben, wäre mir dann doch neu; und selbst mit einer Weiterentwicklung der Romeos (z. B. Typ 033G1) ist es nicht möglich, eine solche Waffe im Unterwasserstart zu verschießen.

Einzig und alleine - ob diese Meldungen aber zutreffen, muss kritisch hinterfragt werden - käme eine Involvierung des etwas mysteriösen sog. Sinpo-Klasse-U-Bootes in Frage. Dieser ziemlich nebulöse Typ soll angeblich um die 3.000 Tonnen verdrängen und balistische Raketen verschießen können. Die einzige bekannte Einheit war aber im Frühjahr 2019 noch im Bau (siehe Artikel Nr. 2).

Artikel 1:
Zitat:North Korea tests submarine-launched missile a day after saying it will resume nuclear talks with US

North Korea said Thursday that it had successfully test-fired a new submarine-launched ballistic missile off its east coast, the Korean Central News Agency reported. [...] The solid-fuel, Pukguksong-3 was launched from waters off the coastal town of Wonsan on Wednesday, according to KCNA, the official North Korean news agency. [...]

Shin Jong-woo from the Korea Defense and Security Forum in Seoul said the missile appeared similar to a Chinese JL-2 SLBM, indicating that North Korea aims to develop a submarine-launch missile that can carry three to eight warheads, South Korea's Yonhap news agency reported.

Artikel 2:
Zitat:North Korea’s Sinpo South Shipyard: Submarine Shipbuilding Continuing at Slow Pace

Recent commercial satellite imagery of North Korea’s Sinpo South Shipyard indicates that building of a submarine ongoing for several years—possibly a follow-on to the current SINPO-class experimental ballistic missile submarine—is continuing. On March 23, probable submarine hull sections, as well as several pieces of equipment, parts and supplies, were seen in the yard adjacent to the Sinpo construction halls. By April 5, the hull sections were gone, and only minor movement of parts is observed in subsequent images. [...]

Imagery also indicates that the vertical test stand—used for ejection testing of sea-launched ballistic missiles—was rolled back from its support structure between March 23 and April 5, leaving the launcher strong back (which has a grid-like structure) in its raised position. At the secure boat basin, there was no movement of the SINPO-class ballistic missile submarine and submersible launch barge from March 23 to April 11. However, imagery from April 11 shows floating cranes just outside the secure perimeter working on submerged objects and a possible cable laying ship berthed nearby.

Eine neue nordkoreanische ICBM?
Zitat:North Korea unveils what appears to be a new intercontinental ballistic missile at military parade

SEOUL, South Korea — North Korean leader Kim Jong Un warned Saturday that his country would "fully mobilize" its nuclear force if threatened as he took center stage at a military parade in which the country unveiled what appeared to be a new intercontinental ballistic missile and other additions to its growing weapons arsenal. [...]

Kim's speech was punctuated by thousands of goose-stepping troops, tanks, armored vehicles, rocket launchers and a broad range of ballistic missiles rolled out in Pyongyang's Kim Il Sung Square. The weapons included what was possibly the North's biggest-yet ICBM, which was mounted on an 11-axel launch vehicle that was also seen for the first time. The North also displayed a variety of solid-fuel weapon systems, including what could be an advanced version of its Pukguksong family of missiles designed to be fired from submarines or land mobile launchers. [...]

The probable ICBM paraded Saturday was clearly the new strategic weapon Kim had promised to show, said Melissa Hanham, deputy director of the Austria-based Open Nuclear Network. North Korea had already demonstrated a potential ability to reach deep into the U.S. mainland with a flight test of its Hwasong-15 ICBM in 2017, and developing a larger missile possibly means the country is trying to arm its long-range weapons with more warheads, she said.

Neue nordkoreanische SLBM offiziell vorgestellt...
Zitat:North Korea unveils Pukguksong-5 SLBM at military parade

Less than a week after announcing plans to modernise its military and bolster its nuclear arsenal, North Korea unveiled new missile systems, including the latest version of its Pukguksong (also spelled Pukkuksong) series of submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs), at a military parade held in the evening on 14 January.

The parade, which was held at Pyongyang’s Kim Il-sung Square to mark the end of the Eighth Congress of the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea (WPK), took place only a day after media reports emerged about South Korea’s plans to begin conducting underwater test launches of its own SLBM later this year. [...] Based on the images, the Pukguksong-5’s ogival nose cone is more elongated than that of the Pukguksong-4, making it look ‘pointier’, but, other than that, the two missiles appear to be very similar in design, including in terms of length and diameter.

Nordkoreanischer Test einer offenbar neu entwickelten GLCM...
Zitat:North Korea tests new long-range cruise missile

North Korea has tested a new long-range cruise missile capable of hitting much of Japan, state media said on Monday. The weekend tests saw missiles travelling up to 1,500km (930 miles), the official KCNA news agency said. It suggests North Korea is still capable of developing weapons despite food shortages and an economic crisis.

The US military said the latest tests posed threats to the international community, and neighbouring Japan said it had "significant concerns". A picture in the North Korean Rodong Sinmun newspaper showed a missile being fired from a launch vehicle, while another could be seen in horizontal flight. [...] State media also describes these missiles as "strategic" which usually means that the regime hopes to put a nuclear warhead on it. Analysts aren't sure yet if North Korea can miniaturise a nuclear warhead to fit on a cruise missile. However given how many advances the secretive state has made so far, no one would bet against it. [...] The US military, meanwhile, said the test showed North Korea's "continuing focus on developing its military programme", adding that its commitment to defending allies South Korea and Japan "remains ironclad".


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